There are several types of biofuels you can utilize to create energy for your home or company. They include:
As a long-exploited biofuel, you can burn wood to produce heat. Then use the heat to run generators in your power plant and produce electricity. Some power facilities burn even grass and several other biomass.
As a liquid biofuel, you can produce biodiesel from oily plants like oil palm and soybean and oily sources like cooking fat from restaurants.
Besides the major biofuel types mentioned, there are other sources, including biogas and methane gas—these biofuels results from the biomass decomposition when there’s a lack of oxygen. Additionally, the use of dimethyl ether, butanol, and methanol as a biofuel is still under development.
Another second-generation biofuel, cellulosic ethanol, is created by converting unhealthy vegetations into ethanol or ethyl alcohol. While first-generation biofuels use edible feedstocks like corn, you can produce cellulosic ethanol with raw materials like non-edible plant parts, grass, or wood.
Although all biofuels are renewable, cellulosic ethanol’s effect on the food chain is lesser than first-generation biofuels. And the good news? You can produce it from energy crops cultivated in lands that aren’t fully useful for food production, or agricultural waste products.
The raw material to the finished product conversion rate of cellulosic ethanol is lower than that of first-generation biofuels. Nevertheless, without a manufacturing technology improvement, cellulosic ethanol might only be used as a fuel additive and never a petroleum replacement.
Cyanobacteria and Algae
Although it’s been different to improve economically, the use of the third generation biodiesel from cyanobacteria and algae holds much hope.
Seeing as some algae contain about 40 percent lipids by weight, you can convert them into synthetic petroleum or biodiesel.
Certain estimates have shown that cyanobacteria and algae can yield about 10 to 100 times more per unit area fuel than second-generation biofuels.
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